Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
  Home | About Us | Editorial Board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Instructions | Contact | Advertise | Submission | Login 
Users Online: 495 
Wide layoutNarrow layoutFull screen layoutHome Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-38

Trends- A tool for recognition of emotions in neuropsychiatric disorders

1 Dept. of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore - 560029, India
2 Dept. of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore - 560029, India
3 Dept. of Neuroimaging and Interventional Radiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore - 560029, India

Correspondence Address:
Rishikesh V Behere
Dept. of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore-560029
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.43132

Rights and Permissions

Defects in social cognition which includes Facial Emotion Recognition Deficits [FERD] have been consistently demonstrated in most neuropsychiatric disorders. Influences of culture, age & sex on emotional expression and perception necessitates that a tool standardized in the Indian population be developed to study these deficits in Indian patients. Four experienced and trained actors (one young male, one young female, one older male and one older female) emoted six basic emotions, namely happy, sad, fear, anger, surprise and disgust at two different intensities [i.e. high and low] along with neutral facial expressions. 52 still images and 28 video clips were obtained. These images were then validated by 51 students from various mental health disciplines and five qualified psychiatrists. On statistical analysis the tool was found to have good inter­rater agreement and internal consistency. TRENDS is a tool validated for use in the Indian population, which captures the full range and nature of emotional expressions akin to real life situations and can be utilized for future behavioral and functional imaging studies in Indian patients. Such research can give useful insights into the neurobiological basis of neuropsychiatric disorders and has important implications for improving socio-occupational functioning.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded407    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 14    

Recommend this journal