Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 182-187

Deliberate self-harm: A search for distinct group of suicide

1 Department of Psychiatry, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, N.R.S. Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Somsubhra Chattopadhyay
145, Raja Peary Mohan Road, P.O. Uttarpara District, Hooghly, West Bengal - 712 258
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.92057

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Objective: Some persons attempt suicide with a strong intention to die and some are not. Presently, no distinctive grouping has been done on the basis of the suicidal intention, though there is a significant variation in the psycho-socio-demographic profile, suicidal ideation, and intent within the persons making suicidal attempt. The aim of our study was to find the psycho-socio-demographic profile, suicide intent in survivors of suicide attempt, categorizing them by suicide intent, and finally to define the deliberate self-harm (DSH) group. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Two hundred patients who survived suicide attempt were evaluated by a psychiatrist. The data were recorded for sociodemographic variables, psychiatric disorder, suicide intent, and lethality of suicide attempt. Grouping was done by using suicide intent as the determining dimension. The DSH group was defined by psycho-socio-demographic characteristics of the patient. Results: The mean age of the DSH group was 26.72 years, mostly females (50.5%), semiskilled workers (43.43%) and housewives (32.32%), from nuclear family (60.6%) with no psychiatric disorder (35.35%). Most of them attempted a nonlethal suicide attempt (87.87%) by organophosphorus poisoning (87.87%). Conclusions: The DSH group is a distinct group among suicide attempters, having different psycho-socio-demographic characteristics.

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