Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 194-198

Kleine-Levin syndrome and idiopathic hypersomnia: Spectrum disorders


1 Department of Psychiatry, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jolly Grant, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Psychology and Holistic Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Jolly Grant, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Vivekananda Lahan
Department of Psychiatry, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Ram Nagar, Doiwala, Dehradun - 248 140
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.92048

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Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH) are primary sleep disorders of unknown etiologies, which often run a chronic course. The common core symptoms of these syndromes are hypersomnolence and sleep drunkenness, with periodic hypersomnolence and hyperphagia being the prominent symptoms of KLS. Psychiatric manifestations are common to both and include irritability, depression, apathy, inattention and poor concentration. Both disorders are diagnosed clinically and no specific laboratory investigation is available to confirm the diagnosis. We present a case highlighting the overlapping of the symptoms of KLS and IH, producing a complex clinical picture.


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