Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 346-349

Psychiatric Morbidity and Work and Social Adjustment Among Earthquake Survivors Extricated from under the Rubble


National Institute of Psychology, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Naeem Aslam
Lecturer, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid i Azam University, Islamabad
Pakistan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.108215

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Objectives: This cross-sectional study examined psychiatric co-morbidity and work and social adjustment after a natural disaster among survivors who were extricated from under the rubble. Materials and Methods: Individuals (N=40) belonging to district Muzaffarabad, a severely earthquake affected area on 8 th October 2005, were interviewed. The examination included the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview for DSM-IV Axis I disorders, Work and Social Adjustment Scale, and questions covering background characteristics and disaster exposure. Results: The most prevalent disorders were posttaumatic stress disorder (32.5%), major depressive disorder (17.5%), dysthymia (15.0%), agoraphobia (25.0%), and panic disorder (20.0%). Moreover, 77% of the respondents have been diagnosed with at least one psychiatric disorder. Work and soical adjustment was found to have an inverse relationship with the psychiatric co-morbidity. Conclusion: Small sample size and lack of comparison group from non-earthquake struck areas may limit the generalizability of the psychatric disorders. Psychiatric disorders other than PTSD, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, are of clinical importance when considering long-term mental health effect of disasters.


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