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 Table of Contents    
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 407  

Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Two Common ADHD Co-morbidities


1 Research Center for Behavioral and Neurosciences, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Research Center for Behavioral and Neurosciences, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas; Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran
3 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Date of Web Publication7-Mar-2013

Correspondence Address:
Hamidreza Mahboobi
Research Center for Behavioral and Neurosciences, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.108240

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How to cite this article:
Golmirzaei J, Mahboobi H, Khorgoei T, Shahrzad ME. Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Two Common ADHD Co-morbidities. Indian J Psychol Med 2012;34:407

How to cite this URL:
Golmirzaei J, Mahboobi H, Khorgoei T, Shahrzad ME. Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Two Common ADHD Co-morbidities. Indian J Psychol Med [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Jul 20];34:407. Available from: http://www.ijpm.info/text.asp?2012/34/4/407/108240

Sir,

Venkatesh et al. have reported a high rate of comorbidity among Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children. [1] Here, we would like to add some points.

  1. The most common ADHD comorbidity was Learning Disorder (LD) in this report. LD is defined by DSM IV as reading, writing, or mathematical disorder. About 20% of the children in this study were less than 3 years old. Evaluating LD in children is difficult before they reach 3 years of age.

    Psychiatrists recommend waiting for assessment of LD until the children become 6 years of age. This may have influenced the results of this study. Also, assessment of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is difficult in 3-year-old children.
  2. Tic and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are two common ADHD comorbidities. [2] These items are not mentioned in this report. Although OCD may be classified as anxiety disorder in this study, its report as a distinct comorbidity may be helpful.


 
   References Top

1.Venkatesh C, Ravikumar T, Andal A, Virudhagirinathan BS. Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children: Clinical Profile and Co-morbidity. Indian J Psychol Med 2012;34:34-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.Amiri S, Fakhari A, Golmirzaei J, Mohammadpoorasl A, Abdi S. Tourette's syndrome, chronic tics, and comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in elementary students. Arch Iran Med 2012;15:76-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
    




 

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