Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 144-148

Parkinson's disease, depression, and quality-of-life


1 Department of Psychiatry, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
2 Department of Neurology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
4 Department of Physical Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India
5 Department of Biostatistics, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bindu Menon
Department of Psychiatry, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.155611

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Background: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) but is often under diagnosed and under treated leading to worsening of symptoms and deterioration of the quality-of-life of the people suffering from this disease. Aims: The current study aims to determine the correlation between depression and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) domains in patients with PD. Materials and Methods: A sample of 65 consecutive patients attending the specialty Parkinson's clinic was assessed by a psychiatrist as part of the treatment protocol. Diagnosis of depression was done using the International Classification of Diseases-10 by a psychiatrist and depression was scored using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). QOL-BREF Malayalam version was used to assess quality-of-life in the patients. Statistical Analysis: One-way ANOVA was used to find the difference in the quality-of-life experienced by different age categories, duration of the disease, psychiatric co-morbidity. Independent sample t-test was used to find the difference in the quality-of-life experienced by genders, co morbid conditions and to find the difference in the scores on GDS and domains of WHO QOL BREF. Association of H and Y staging and duration of Parkinsonism with GDS Scores were computed using Pearson's Chi-square test. Results and Conclusions: There was a significant association of female gender and depression with the physical and psychological domains of QOL while the duration and staging of PD did not have any association with QOL Domains. Depression thus emerges as one of the main predictors of poor quality-of-life in PD.


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