Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 260-262

Aripiprazole-induced hyperprolactinemia in a young female with delusional disorder


Department of Psychiatry, Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sam Padamadan Joseph
Department of Psychiatry, Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.183082

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Hyperprolactinemia is a common adverse effect of antipsychotic medication. Switching over to aripiprazole or adjunctive aripiprazole has been advocated for optimal management of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia. Adjunctive treatment with aripiprazole has been shown to normalize prolactin levels without affecting already achieved improvements in psychotic symptoms. However, here, we present the case of a 36 year old female with delusional disorder who developed symptomatic hyperprolactinemia while on aripiprazole treatment. Dopamine acts as a tonic inhibitor of prolactin secretion through the tubero-infundibular dopaminergic system. Aripiprazole being a partial agonist has a lower intrinsic activity at the D2 receptor than dopamine, allowing it to act as both, a functional agonist and antagonist, depending on the surrounding levels of dopamine. Hence, in the absence of a competing D2 antagonist and the presence of dopamine (the natural agonist), aripiprazole could act as a functional antagonist and thus elevate prolactin levels.


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