Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 143-145

Evaluation of modified patient health questionnaire-9 teen in South African adolescents

1 Deakin University, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Geelong, 3220, Australia
2 South African Depression Anxiety Support Group, Parkville, 3052, Australia
3 Deakin University, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Geelong, 3220; Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, 35 Poplar Rd; Florey Institute for Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Kenneth Myer Building, 30 Royal Parade; Department of Psychiatry, Level 1 North, Main Block, University of Melbourne, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, 3052, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Shilpa Aggarwal
Deakin University, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, P.O. Box 291, Geelong, 3220
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0253-7176.203124

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Background: This report describes the findings of the survey conducted by South African Depression and Anxiety Group (SADAG) in a cohort of disadvantaged South African adolescent scholars in which PHQ-9 teen version was modified and adapted (PHQ-9M) to improve the response rate. Method: PHQ-9M was administered to 2025 secondary students of 35 schools over 2 years in Gauteng Province, South Africa. Results: The mean age was 15.8 years. 23% of respondents scored 9 or above, 26.7% reported suicidal ideations in last month, 21.8% reported lifetime suicide attempts and 9.3% had severe functional impairment. PHQ-9M showed a fair internal consistency and face validity in this study. Conclusion: The PHQ-9M could be useful in conducting surveys in settings of low mental health literacy after further evaluation of its psychometric properties. The high rates of suicidal ideations, suicide attempts, and functional impairment in this population suggest the need for preventive interventions.

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