Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 584-589

Sociodemographic and clinical predictors of response in manic episodes: A naturalistic, prospective, cohort study

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jasmin Garg
Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh - 160 030
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_418_16

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Background: Response to treatment of a manic episode is dependent on several sociodemographic and clinical factors as reported by researchers from other countries. The prescription of mood stabilizers and/or antipsychotics for manic episode depends on these factors. There is a lack of availability of data from India on this topic. Hence, this study was planned to identify the predictors of pharmacological response. Materials and Methods: Forty-two patients with a diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder current episode manic were enrolled and assessed for sociodemographic variables and clinical variables such as age of onset, family history, comorbidities, index episode, and number of past episodes. They were divided into four groups depending on the treatment they were receiving, namely, lithium with an antipsychotic (n = 25), lithium with divalproex and an antipsychotic (n = 8), divalproex with an antipsychotic (n = 5), and the miscellaneous group (n = 4). The primary outcome measure was improvement in the Young Mania Rating Scale score and secondary outcome measure was duration of ward stay. Results: There was a significant improvement in all the treatment modalities and it was comparable. There was no significant impact of any sociodemographic or clinical variable on treatment outcome except that females had significantly better response than males. There was nearly significant shorter duration of hospitalization in the lithium and antipsychotics groups compared to divalproex group. Conclusion: All treatment modalities are equally efficacious in the management of manic episode in short term. However, lithium and antipsychotics tend to produce early response than divalproex. Other sociodemographic and clinical predictors were not significantly associated with response.

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