Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 611-618

Stressful and traumatic experiences among women with alcohol use disorders in India


1 Intervention Coordinator, Premium for Adolescents (PRIDE), Sangath, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction Medicine, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Kanika Malik
J-18, Lajpat Nagar III, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_411_16

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Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine lifetime stressful and traumatic experiences among women with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Methods: The sample comprised of two groups: a clinical group of 35 women with a diagnosis of AUD and a comparison group of 60 women drawn from the community. After screening out, the participants were administered Life Stressor Checklist-Revised. Results: On an average, clinical group was exposed to 7.57 (standard deviation [SD] = 4.14) stressful events and comparison group was exposed to 4.03 (SD = 2.80) stressful events across the lifespan (t = 4.976; P < 0.001). Clinical group reported a high number of childhood abuse and interpersonal traumas across lifespan than comparison group. The relationship between adverse life experiences and alcohol abuse among women was bidirectional. Conclusion: Understanding the nature and experiences of trauma in this group has implications for planning gender-sensitive treatment programs for women seeking help for AUDs in India


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