Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 619-626

Development and preliminary testing of the biopsychosocial prognosis scale for coronary artery bypass grafting

1 Centre for Health Psychology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Marlyn Thomas
305B, Padma Hamsa Apartment, Sardar Patel Road, Secunderabad-500 003, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_124_17

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Background: The present study attempted to develop a self-report scale called Biopsychosocial Prognosis Scale for Coronary Artery Bypass grafting (BIPROSCAB) that measured patients' prognosis in an integrated manner, a month after they had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Method: The development and preliminary testing of the psychometric properties of BIPROSCAB followed five phases involving 450 patients in total. Results: Findings gave rise to a 25-item scale which was subjected to an exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis with varimax rotation. A 9-factor structure emerged, and the factors were named post-CABG affect state, post-CABG anxiety, post-CABG physical pain, discomfort in surgical sites, worry about return to normalcy, discomfort in the leg, CABG bio-social by-products, constraints in socializing, and infection and interference to routine life. The reliability, validity, and usability of BIPROSCAB were also analyzed. Conclusion: BIPROSCAB is a reliable, valid, and useful multidimensional self-report scale for measuring and evaluating the impact of medical treatment and psychosocial intervention in patients after CABG.

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