Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 659-662

Family loading and morbidity risk of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in patients with alcohol-dependence syndrome

1 Department of Psychiatry, KIMS, Hubli, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Clinical Neurosciences, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction Medicine, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun Kandasamy
Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction Medicine, NIMHANS, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_263_17

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Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance-use disorders often co-occur. Aim: Aim of this study was to look at the family loading of ADHD (in adults and children) in patients with alcohol-dependence syndrome (ADS) along with the estimation of morbidity risk (MR) for developing ADHD. Methods: Thirty-five male patients with ADS along with their 369 first-degree relatives (FDRs) – both children and adults – were recruited. Results: ADHD and residual ADD (ADDRT) were significantly more common in the early-onset (EO) ADS group and their FDR. In ADHD children, high MR (27.27%) for developing EO of ADS was noted. Discussion: Findings from this study raise an avenue for research in the Indian population about the shared risk between ADS and ADHD.

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