Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 235-239

Interventions for childhood anxiety disorders – What works best from a child's perspective: A qualitative study

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Preeti Kandasamy
Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_509_18

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Background: Anxiety spectrum disorders are the most prevalent psychopathology among children and adolescents. Qualitative research in childhood anxiety disorders can provide valuable insights regarding interventions. The objectives of this study were to examine the child's perspectives on the subjective experience of concerns, the impact of the symptoms on socioacademic functioning, and the process of recovery with interventions. Methods: Children and adolescents aged 6–16 years, presenting with any subtype of anxiety spectrum disorder as per International Classification of Diseases and Related Health problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) Diagnostic Criteria for Research, were included. Convenience sampling was used, and 30 children fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. An interview guide with simple questions to facilitate response was used, at the baseline and 12th week of follow-up, to generate a written narrative account of the experience of concerns, the impact of symptoms, and the treatment process. Children received treatment as usual, which included a workbook-based cognitive behavioral intervention. Results: Content analysis was done using 30 baseline and 20 follow-up narratives. Clustering of themes were done. Themes related to the recovery process reflected perceived improvement in academic performance and competence, apart from the improvement in symptoms. There were more themes in favor of cognitive interventions. Conclusion: Children's narratives highlight the importance of cognitive interventions for anxiety disorders.

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