Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 357-361

The effectiveness of a brief psychological intervention for patients with diabetes-related distress

1 Department of Psychiatry, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dhanya Raveendranathan
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_455_18

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Background: Diabetes-related distress (DRD) is the negative emotional and psychological reaction to living with diabetes mellitus (DM). DRD has been reported to affect glycemic control and self-management practices adversely. Limited research is available on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for DRD. We aimed to study the effectiveness of a brief psychological intervention for patients with DRD. Methods: The findings of a targeted brief psychological intervention conducted for patients with DRD, as a part of psycho-endocrinology liaison services in a general hospital, are reported. Details regarding the assessment and intervention given were collected from the patients' records. Forty-one patients with DRD diagnosed using Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) were given the single session intervention consisting of brief diabetes education focusing on physical activity and medication adherence, relaxation techniques, and illness-specific problem-solving strategies. Effectiveness was assessed using change in Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S), patient-rated visual analog scale, brief physical activity questionnaire, and medication adherence at baseline and 2-month follow-up. Results: Analysis using Wilcoxon signed rank test found a significant change in the follow-up scores on all the assessment scales. Conclusions: The study highlights the benefits of brief intervention for reducing DRD, thus reducing the emotional burden of living with DM.

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