Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 233-237

The impact of autism spectrum disorder in comparison with other neuro-developmental disorders in children on the family: Single centre experience

Developmental Pediatrics unit, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Beena Koshy
Developmental Paediatrics Unit, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_376_19

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Background: Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), especially autism spectrum disorder (ASD), have a substantial impact on the family, with a consequent decrease in the quality of life. The current study was undertaken to understand if having ASD contributed to a higher impact on families compared to other NDD and to understand additional factors impacting families of children with either disorder in a low-middle income country (LMIC) setting. Methods: Impact of ASD and other NDD along with sociodemographic factors was examined, by a retrospective analysis, among 540 children in a tertiary care center in South India. Results: Both ASD and NDD had high, but comparable, impact on the family. Being a girl child, having seizures, and having sleep problems predicted a higher impact. Conclusions: In children with NDD, managing co-morbidities such as achieving better seizure control and addressing sleep-related problems may improve the impact of NDD on the family. Gender disparity in disability needs to be studied within the local cultural context.

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