Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

: 2019  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 201--202

Describing research design

Chittaranjan Andrade 
 Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chittaranjan Andrade
Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka

This article explains how the research design of a study can simultaneously be described in many different ways as nonempirical or empirical, case-based or sample-based, observational or interventional, retrospective or prospective, cross-sectional or longitudinal, uncontrolled or controlled, single arm or multiple arm, nonrandomized or randomized, crossover or parallel group, nonblind, single-blind, or double-blind, superiority or noninferiority, exploratory (hypothesis generating) or confirmatory (hypothesis driven), and many others. Some of these categories can be associated with special types of research design as well, such as cohort studies, case-control studies, nested case-control studies, wedge design studies, and so on. Readers should understand which descriptors are mutually exclusive and which are not.

How to cite this article:
Andrade C. Describing research design.Indian J Psychol Med 2019;41:201-202

How to cite this URL:
Andrade C. Describing research design. Indian J Psychol Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 May 29 ];41:201-202
Available from:;year=2019;volume=41;issue=2;spage=201;epage=202;aulast=Andrade;type=0